California’s total statewide energy consumption was 11.1 percent lower in 2020 than in 2019, and energy consumption per capita also declined also by 11.1 percent. Both total statewide energy consumption and per capita energy consumption in 2020 were substantially lower than in 1990, reduced by 6.9 percent and 29.4 percent, respectively. Meanwhile, total and per capita energy consumption for the rest of the U.S. was 11.6 percent higher and 16.1 percent lower in 2020 than in 1990, respectively.
As the economy continued its pre-COVID expansion, both total and per capita energy consumption decreased for the first time in 2020 in California since 2014. Notably, this change happened in the pre-pandemic period, within the midst of a relatively strong economy. Energy demand was also falling faster in California than the rest of the nation—11.1 percent in the state compared to 7.2 percent in the rest of the U.S. Per capita energy consumption decreased 11.1 percent in California while the rest of the nation’s fell more slowly (-8.2%) than California.