111 It is likely that actual unlinked passenger trips fell by less than 52 percent. For example, riders of Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation (LACMTA), the largest public transportation agency, enjoyed free bus rides and did not need to use the TAP card to board; these rides are likely not counted by LACMTA.
112 Taylor, B. D., E. Blumenberg, J. Wasserman, M. Garrett, A. Schouten, H. King, J. Paul and M. Ruvolo (2020). Transit Blues in the Golden State: Analyzing Recent California Ridership Trends. UCLA Institute of Transportation Studies. Retrieved from: https://escholarship.org/uc/item/32j5j0hb
113 Ram, U. and Chong, H. (2020). Expanding Access to Sustainable Transportation in California. Next10. Retrieved from: https://www.next10.org/sites/default/files/2020-09/next10-sustainable-transportation_0.pdf
114 Honor, Joni and Sotero, David. “L.A. Metro Officially Opens the K Line, Marking a New Transit Milestone for Los Angeles County.” L.A. Metro, October 7, 2022. Available at: https://www.metro.net/about/l-a-metro-officially-opens-the-k-line-marking-a-new-transit-milestone-for-los-angeles-county/