Source: Center for Sustainable Energy; California Air Resources Board Clean Vehicle Rebate Project Note: Data last updated in May 2023. Analysis by Beacon Economics
  • By electric vehicle types, the share of clean vehicle rebates going to both disadvantaged communities (CES 3.0) and low-income communities decreased in 2022 for plug-in hybrids (-63.0%) and battery electric vehicles (-7.2%). This can be attributed to the contraction of the plug-in hybrid market in 2022. On the other hand, hydrogen fuel cell EVs and other EVs96 showed strong growth in 2022, with increases of 48 percent and 66.7 percent, respectively. Battery electric vehicles (BEVs) accounted for over 88 percent of clean-vehicle rebates in 2022, a 7.7 percent increase from their 2021 share of 82.4 percent.

96 Other denotes Non-highway BEVs, highway-capable zero-emission motorcycles, and city & commercial zero-emission vehicles. More information can be found at